A Complete Guide To Different Types Of Softwares:
Every day we interact with software-definition-classifications created by expert software development companies that help us perform tasks and increase our efficiency. From Microsoft Windows that welcomes us when we turn on our computer to the browser,
we use to surf the web and the application on our smartphone that tells us how many calories we burn today! Each of these different types of software helps us perform our daily tasks, directly or indirectly.
Today, there are many advanced technologies and Softwares available to us that define the way we live, our lives, adapt to our changing needs. The sheer number of programs and their variations can be overwhelming for anyone. Especially if you don’t have a good understanding of the different types of software available and their users.
But do not worry! This is a complete guide to programs, their types, and examples that will help eliminate all your confusion. In this article, you will understand what a program is, what are its main types, uses, and applications. Let’s read on to discuss what types of software applications work and examples of modern types of software you should know about.
Different types of Software and how to classify them:
In the first section of this article, we will begin by categorizing the different types of software. But before that, let’s first answer a basic question: what is software?
What is software: its definition and examples of programs:
By definition, a program is a computer program that provides instructions and data to execute user commands. It’s an indispensable part of a hardware device that you can’t see, but it does allow you to use a computer … just like a mouse, screen, hard drive, and keyboard help you use a computer.
Some common examples of programs include Microsoft Word, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Reader, Google Chrome, Gmail, Powerpoint, VLC, and many similar computer programs that we use often in our daily lives. If we sit down and list all the sample programs, the list will never end, but the most important thing is to understand how they differ from each other.
The types of software can be classified into two categories.
What are the two main programs?
The two main types of computer programs are:
- Software application
- System software
Where there are two other types of computer programs are:
- Programming software
- Driver program
Main types of programs
Programming software and drivers are often considered types of system software. But in this article, we will explain each of them separately. So read on for a detailed discussion of software types, uses, and examples.
As a technology user, it is the application software or “applications” that you interact with the most. These types of computer software are end-user programs that help you perform tasks. Here are some examples of application software that allow you to do a specific job:
MS Excel – is a spreadsheet program that you can use to display and analyze data.
Photoshop: is an Adobe photo-editing application. You can use it to visually enhance, categorize, and share your photos.
Skype – is an online communication application that you can use for video chat, voice calls, and instant messaging.
Software applications are also known as non-essential programs. Installed and operated on a PC according to user requirements. There are tons of application programs that you can use to perform various tasks. The number of these applications is increasing with technological advances and the changing needs of users. You can classify these types of programs into different groups, as shown in the following table:
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Examples of the type of application software.
|Application Software Type||Examples|
|Word processing software: Tools that are used to create word sheets and type documents etc.||Microsoft Word, WordPad, AppleWorks, and Notepad|
|Spreadsheet software: Software used to compute quantitative data.||Apple Numbers, Microsoft Excel, and Quattro Pro|
|Database software: Used to store data and sort information.||Oracle, MS Access, and FileMaker Pro|
|Application Suites: A collection of related programs sold as a package.||OpenOffice, Microsoft Office|
|Multimedia software: Tools used for a mixture of audio, video, image, and text content.||Real Player, Media Player|
|Communication Software: Tools that connect systems and allow text, audio, and video-based communication.||MS NetMeeting, IRC, ICQ|
|Internet Browsers: Used to access and view websites.||Netscape Navigator, MS Internet Explorer, and Google Chrome|
|Email Programs: Software used for emailing.||Microsoft Outlook, Gmail, Apple Mail|
When you turn on your computer for the first time, the system software is initially loaded into memory. Unlike application software, end users like you do not use system software. It only works in the background of your device, at the most basic level while using another application program. For this reason, the system software is also called “low-level software.”
An example of system software
An example of a system program
- Operating systems are an example of system software. All of your computer-like devices run on one operating system, including desktops, laptops, smartphones, tablets, etc. Here is a list of operating system examples. Let’s take a look and you might discover some familiar names for system software:
For desktops, laptops, and tablets:
- Microsoft Windows
- Mac (for Apple devices)
- Apple iOS
- Android by Google
Windows Phone operating system
- Aside from operating systems, some people also classify programming software and drivers as types of system software. However, we will discuss it individually in the next two sections.
- Programming software is the type of software that is not used by end-users. This is not for you unless, of course, you are a programmer writing code. Programming programs are programs that are used to write, develop, test, and debug other programs, including applications and system software. For someone who works for a company dedicated to software development, for example, this type of software will make life easier and more efficient.
- Software programmers use programming programs as compilation programs. They are software used to translate programming languages (such as Java, C ++, Python, PHP, BASIC, etc.) into machine language code. Translators can be compilers, interpreters, and compilers. You can understand compilers as programs that fully translate source code into machine code and run it.
- The interpreters run the source code so that the program runs line by line. Compilers translate basic computer instructions (assembly code) into device code.
- Various programming language editors, debuggers, compilers, and IDEs are examples of programming software. For example:
- Eclipse – Java language editor
- Coda: a programming language editor for Mac
- Notepad ++: an open-source editor for Windows
- Sublime Text: a cross-platform code editor for Mac, Windows, and Linux
- Driver program
Driver software is often classified as a type of system software. It operates and controls the devices and peripherals connected to the computer. Drivers are important because they allow the hardware to perform its assigned tasks. They do this by translating operating system commands to devices or devices and assigning tasks. Therefore, every device connected to your computer requires at least one device driver to function.
- Operating system
Because there are thousands of types of hardware, drivers make your system software work easier by allowing you to communicate through a unified language. Some examples of controllers you may be familiar with are:
- Printer driver
- Mouse driver
- Network card
Usually, the operating system comes with the mouse, keyboard, and printer drivers by default. Often, it does not require third-party installations. But for some advanced devices, you may need to install the driver externally. Also, if you are using multiple operating systems like Linux, Windows, and Mac, each of them supports different variants of the drivers. For them, separate controllers should be kept for each one.
Five different types of add-on programs you may be familiar with
- Now that we’ve talked about the main types of programs, now you must ask yourself which one you use most often. For example, trendy social media software apps like Snapchat and Instagram or photo editing apps like PhotoShop and Snapseed. You have to think about which category they belong to.
- Can it be classified just as a broad category of application software or are there better ways to describe it? The answer: yes, unlike the main types of computer programs, there are different subcategories of programs.
Let’s analyze and understand five additional subcategories of software using software examples of trendy software.
- Open Source Software
- Closed Source Software
- Utility Software
- A free program is any program that is freely available for you to use. They can be downloaded and installed online at no cost. Some known examples of free software are:
- Google Chrome
- quick chat
- Adobe reader
Although they all fall into the category of end-user software or application, they can also be classified as free software because they are free to use.
- Share programs
For one thing, shared programs are paid software applications, but they are available for free for a limited period known as a “trial period.” You can use the program at no charge during the trial period, but you will be required to purchase it to use it after the trial period ends. Shared software allows you to test run the software before investing in your purchase. Some examples of shared programs you should know about are:
- Adobe photoshop
- Adobe Illustrator
- Netflix app
- McAfee, you are a virus
This is a type of open-source program available to all users. They can be modified and shared with anyone for any purpose. Common examples of open source software that programmers use include:
- GNU Image Processing Program (GIMP)
Closed source software
These are the types of software that are not free for programmers. For this program, the source code is the intellectual property of the software publishers. It is also called “proprietary software” as the software can only be copied, modified, and shared by the original authors. Here are some of the most popular examples of closed source software:
- Man in appearance
- Microsoft Office
- Adobe photoshop
- Assistance programs
- Tool programs are a subset of the system software. They manage the performance of your hardware and
- application software installed on your computer, to ensure that they are working optimally. Some features of the utility software include:
- Antivirus and security software
- File compressor
- Disc cleaner
- Disk defragmentation program
- Data backup program
In conclusion, there can be multiple methods for classifying different types of computer programs. The software can be classified according to the function it performs, such as application software, system software, programming software, and drivers. It can also be classified based on various characteristics, such as the nature of the source code, accessibility, and cost of use.
After reading this article, I hope that you can now clearly identify the types of programs around you. A clear understanding of it will help you to choose the program and use it efficiently.
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